Phonics helps children to read and spell by learning the association between sounds (phonemes) and written alphabet letters (graphemes). They learn to turn the written word into sounds for reading (decoding) and to turn the sounds they hear into letters for spelling (encoding).

Phonological awareness stages 8 - 10

Information on the phonics stages 8 to 10 of phonological awareness.

Teaching phonics

Things you need to know to teach phonics.

English Phoneme Chart

For each sound find the letter or letter combination that represent it by clicking on the relevant phoneme button on the English Phoneme Chart.

Alphabet Keyboard

For each letter or letter combination find the sounds they can represent by clicking on the relevant alphabet button on the Alphabet Keyboard.